GENERAL APPEARANCE: Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly impressive is the strong , mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the bushy tail carried boldly over the back. The foxy head with alert eyes and the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz his unique characteristic, cheeky appearance. Important proportions: The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1:1.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER: The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and exceptionally devoted to his owner. He is very teachable and easy to train. His distrust to stangers and lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal watchdog for home and farm. He is neither timid nor aggressive. Indifference to weather, robustness and longevity are his most outstanding attributes.
Cranial Region: The Spitz's medium sized head, seen from above, appears broadest at the back and tapers in wedgeshape to the tip of the nose.
Stop: Moderate to marked, never abrupt.
Nose: The nose is round, small and pure black, dark brown in brown spitz.
Muzzle: The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasingproportion to the skull.
Lips: The Lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any folds to the corner of the mouth. They are completly black in all colours, brown in brown Spitz.
Jaws/Teeth: The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the dog, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer-bite is permissible in all varieties of Spitz.
Cheeks: The cheeks are genly rounded, not protruding.
Eyes: The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and dark. The eyelids are black in all shades of colour, dark brown in brown Spitz.
Ears: The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips.
Neck: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly arched without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse coat forming a large ruff.
Topline: The topline starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears and merges in a gentle curve with the short, straight back. The bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off the silhouette.
Withers/Back: The hight withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible, straight, firm back.
Loin: Short-coupled, broad and strong.
Croup: The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest: The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
Lower line: The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a slight tuck up.
Tail: The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It lies firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.
General: Straight, rather broad front.
Shoulders: The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The upper arm, which is approximately the same length, forms an angle of 90 degrees to the shoulder-blade. The shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the brisket.
Elbow: The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns neither in nor out.
Forearm: The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well feathered.
Metacarpus(Pastern): The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Front feet: The front feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so called cat feet, with well arched toes. Toe-nails and pats are black in all shades of colour, but dark brown in brown dogs.
General: The hindquaters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper and lower tight: Upper and lower tight are of about equal length.
Stifle: The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Metatarsal (Hock): The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
Hind feet: The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with well arched toes, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour of nails and pads is as dark as possible.
Gait/Movement: The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and springy.
Skin: The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
Hair: The German Spitz has a double coat: Long straight, stand off top coat and short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat. Head, ears, front side of front and hind legs are covered by short, thick (velvety) hair. The rest of the body has a long rich coat. Not wavy, curly or corded, not parted on the back. Neck and shoulders are covered by a thick mane. The backsie of the front legs is well featherd, the hind legs have ample feathering from croup to hocks. The tail is bushy.
Wolfsspitz/Keeshond: Grey shaded.
Giant Spitz: Black,brown, white.
Medium size Spitz: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
Miniature Spitz: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
Toy Spitz/Pomeranian: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
Black Spitz: In the black Spitz the undercoat and skin must also be black and the colour on top must be a shining black without any white or other markings.
Brown Spitz: The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
White Spitz: The coat should be pure white without any trace of yellow in particular, which often occurs, specially on the ears.
Orange Spitz: The orange Spitz should be evenly colourd in the medium colour range.
Grey-shaded Spitz Wolfsspitz/Keeshond: Grey-shaded is a silver grey with black hair-tips. Muzzle and ears dark in colour, round the eyes well defined <<spectacles>> shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct markings and shading forming expressive short eyebrow; mane and ring on shoulder lighter; fore-and hindlegs without any black marking under the elbows or stifles, except slight pencilling on the toes; black tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers pale silver grey.
Other coloured Spitz: The term <<other colours>> covers all shades of colour, such as: cream, cream sable, orange-sable, black and tan and particolour (with white always as main colour). The black, brown, grey or orange patches must be distributed over the whole body.
Height at the withers:
Wolfsspitz/Keeshond 49cm +/- 6cm
Giant Spitz 46cm +/- 4cm
Medium size Spitz 34cm +/- 4cm
Miniature Spitz 26cm +/- 3cm
Toy Spitz/Pomeranian 20cm +/- 2cm
Dogs under 18 cm undesirable
Weight: Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight corresponding to its size
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to ist degree.
Faults in constuction
Head to flat; distinct apple head
Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips
In Wofsspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium size Spitz missing teeth.
Faults in movement
In grey-shaded Spitz missing of distinct markings of the face
Gap in fontanel
Over-or undershot bite
Ectropion or entropion
Definite white patches in all not white Spitz
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicals fully descended into the scrotum.
It is important to note that the above Standard, with exception to the items colors and sizes, is the Standard for all the Varieties of German Spitz; from the Pomeranian ( German Spitz - Little and Nain) till the Keeshond ( Wolfspitz).
So, the differences in type and proportions are not so well defined as the American and British Standards, but, besides of that, the pomeranian and the german spitzen ( nain and little) are the same breed. ( When a pomeranian came from UK or USA to a FCI ruled Country he is registered and compete as a German Spitz).That is not the case in UK where you have the German Spitz ( little and medium) as differents breeds than the pomeranians, with different standards and no intercrosses.
FCI-Standard No 97 / 05.03.1998 GB